Luke 19: From Jericho to Jerusalem

Chapter Overview: In Luke 19, Jesus travels from Jericho to Jerusalem, moving from a city God has cursed to one God has blessed.  In the cursed city–one man, Zacchaeus, a tax collector–rejoices and praises God because Jesus is going to his house.  In the blessed city, multitudes of Jews rejoice and praise God because Messiah is coming at last to their nation’s gates.  The solitary individual and teeming masses both rejoice and give praise, as they should: Jesus is the Son of Man, the Messiah, the Prince and Teacher of Peace.

Instructional Objectives

  1. Compare Rahab and Zacchaeus.
  2. Cite evidence that show Zacchaeus was a truly converted man.
  3. Identify the symbols and individuals used in Jesus’ parable of the ten minas.
  4. Describe Jesus’ arrival into Jerusalem on Palm Sunday and cite the prophet who foretold of the event.
  5. Distinguish between the two advents of Christ, the Messiah.
  6. Contrast the way the Jewish leaders and Christ’s followers felt and behaved on Palm Sunday.
  7. Explain why Jesus wept over Jerusalem.
  8. Tell what Jesus did in the temple in Luke 19.

Luke 19 Chapter Outline

I.   The Son of Man (19:1-10)
II.   The Messiah (19:11-38)
III.   The Teacher (19:39-48)


dauntless: fearless in the pursuit of an object

dim: as use in this chapter, not a favorable view of other people

harlot: an immoral woman

indignation: extreme anger over a an injustice

jubilation: the feeling of happiness and joy over a great event or achievement

ostracized: to be excluded from society or social group

Palm Sunday: the Sunday before Jesus would be crucified; the day Jesus enter Jerusalem amid jubilation of the people of His presenting Himself as the King as Messiah, the Christ

solitary: one alone, separate from society

teeming: many or crowded

vindication: to prove right or innocent of false accusations

Action Application: Rejoice and Praise God

I.  THE SON OF MAN (19:1-10)

A.  Seeking the lost (19:1-7)

  1. The CURSED city of Jericho:  Jesus entered virtually every Jewish community before the end of His three years of ministry (Luke 4:43).  It would include even the city of Jericho, the FIRST city the Israelites conquered in coming into the Promised Land.  God pronounced a curse on the one who would build it again (Josh. 6:26).  Jericho was a MONUMENT of idolatry and murder.  See I Kings 16:34.
  2. The HATED TAX COLLECTOR of Jericho: The blindman, who lived outside the city, and the tax collector who lived inside the city both were OSTRACIZED from the people, one due to their physical condition, the other political status.  The dim view some have of others does not matter with GOD.  Jesus has come to SEEK and to SAVE that which was lost.  Note, the first believer in Jericho was RAHAB, the harlot, the last was ZACCHAEUS, the tax collector.

B.  Saving the lost (19:8-9)

  1. Personally ENCOUNTERED Jesus:  As the blindman would cry out despite the crowd, so the tax collector would climb the sycamore tree to rise above the crowd in order to see Jesus. Physical blindness stems from nature, but spiritual blindness stems from man and even SOCIETY, as in the case of the crowd who told the blindman to hush, and the crowd who blocked the view of Zacchaeus who was of short stature.
  2. Miraculously TRANSFORMED life: Zacchaeus joyously received Jesus into his home.  What then transpired in his heart was the miracle of salvation made MANIFEST by his giving HALF of his goods to the poor, and restoring FOURFOLD whatever he had gotten by false accusation.

II.  THE MESSIAH (19:11-38)

A.  Anticipation of the King: Parable of the TEN MINAS, that is, PIECES OF MONEY (19:11-27)

  1. Stewardship ENTRUSTED: The nobleman who entrusts one mina to each of his ten servants to do his business while he is gone is JESUS.  The ten servants represent His followers; the citizens of the country represent the nation of Jews.
  2. Stewardship EXAMINED : Upon returning to his land the nobleman examines each steward for their use of his mina.  Their stewardship determined their DESTINY.  The one who earned ten more minas was given ten CITIES to rule in his master’s kingdom. Another earned five more and so was given five cities.  However, one who earned nothing was PUNISHED along with all who would not have him rule over them.

B.  Presentation of the King: Triumphal Entry of Messiah (19:28-38)

  1. Its EXPECTATION: Zechariah 9:9-10 foretells that Israel’s King would come in the manner He did, riding into Jerusalem on the foal of a  DONKEY to bring salvation to His people and peace to the world.
  2. Its JUBILATION:  Foretold in Zechariah 9:9-10 is also the fact that the people would REJOICE as is reported in Luke 19:28-38.  Important to see is that Zechariah’s prophecy speaks of TWO advents of His arrival.  Between verses nine and ten has been TWO thousand years (so far).  In the Second Advent Christ returns to make an end of war and to usher PEACE into the world.

III.  THE TEACHER (19:39-48)

A.  His defense of His disciples (19:39)

  1. The Pharisees INDIGNATION of Jesus’ disciples: The Pharisees were as quick to rob the disciples of their joy as they were to rob God of His glory.
  2. Jesus’ VINDICATION of His disciples: Jesus affirmed as true the DOCTRINAL  understanding of His disciples’ exclamations.  As well, Jesus affirmed that this occasion warranted this declaration, even if ROCKS should have to do it.

B.  His discourse to the people (19:40-44)

  1. Peace: Their Peace was HIDDEN from their eyes!  How ironic for what we discover in the latter part of Luke 18 and Luke 19 where VISION was an issue.
  2. Wrath: Because God’s people REJECTED their King, they would suffer God’s wrath upon them, a reality that would soon come to pass with the UTTER destruction of Jerusalem and its TEMPLE in A.D. 70.

C.  His deeds in the temple (19:45-48)

  1. Cleansing of the TEMPLE: This the second and final cleansing Jesus made manifests His AUTHORITY over it.  As a result, the Jews were dead set on killing Him.
  2. Teaching the PEOPLE: Dauntless, Jesus teaches the people daily.


Luke 19 Chapter Questions

  1. What handicap did Zacchaeus have?  And how did he compensate for it when Jesus came to town? (19:1-4)
  2. How did Zacchaeus respond when Jesus told him He was going to his house?  Why did this cause some in the crowd to complain? (19:6-7)
  3. How did Zacchaeus demonstrate that he had truly been converted? (19:8)
  4. What did Jesus say was His mission in coming to the world? (19:10)
  5. How do the three servants to whom the master gave “minas” (Greek for “money”) compare and differ?  (19:12-27)
  6. When Jesus came near the mountain called Olivet, what mission did He send two of His disciples on? (19:28-34)
  7. How did the people behave toward Jesus as He made His way toward Jerusalem? (19:36-38)
  8. Why did some of the Jews demand that Jesus stop His disciples from saying what they were saying? What did Jesus say would happen if He did?  (19:38-40)
  9. Why did Jesus weep over Jerusalem? (19:41-44)
  10. What are two things Jesus did in the temple and why?  (19:45-49)

Luke 19 Chapter Review

  1. Jericho was a cursed city as it was a monument to _______________ and _______________.
  2. The first sinner recorded in Scripture saved in Jericho was _______________, the harlot, and the last was _______________, the tax collector.
  3. The transformed life of the tax collector in Luke 19 was made apparent by his giving _______________ of his goods to the poor, and restoring _______________ whatever he had gotten by false accusation.
  4. In the parable of the ten minas, there were _______________ stewards (servants), each given one mina by their master to do his business.
  5. In the parable of the ten minas, Jesus is represented by the _______________ .
  6. The steward punished in the parable had earned _______________ with the mina entrusted to him.
  7. Christ’s triumphal entry into Jerusalem, riding on the _______________ of a donkey, is given Zechariah’s prophecy.
  8. Zechariah foretells of two _______________ of Christ’s arrival in Jerusalem.
  9. The time between Christ’s two comings into Jerusalem, if He were to return today, would be nearly _______________ years.
  10. With Christ’s Second Coming, _______________ will be ushered into world, as wars will cease.
  11. The Pharisees were indignant with Jesus’ disciples by their proclaiming Jesus to be _______________ .
  12. It is easier to find praise upon the lips of beast and boulder than on the lips of some _______________ .
  13. Jesus _______________  over Jerusalem because they would suffer God’s wrath for rejecting Him as their king.
  14. In Luke 19, Jesus cleanses the _______________ the second time, driving out those doing business there.

Luke 19 Reflecting on Principle Points

Select one of the following “principle points” and answer the two questions below.

  • Sometimes in order to find God it is necessary to go out on a limb.
  • Those genuinely changed by Christ make amends and minister to the poor.
  • Employment of God’s gifts in His service to His glory is not without reward.
  • Brute nature knows its Creator, while man does not, though he calls Him, “King!”
  • It is easier to find praise upon the lips of beast and boulder than on the lips of some men.
  • At the heart of man’s disregard for mankind is his disregard for God.

How is the principle point reflected in the chapter? Begin with writing the principle point, then identify words, phrases, and ideas from the chapter that help express the point.

How can you apply this principle point to your life? While thinking about the principle point, what attitudes or behaviors toward God, ourselves, or others ought to become part of our lives?


True or False

  1. Jericho was not a cursed city as was Jerusalem which had become a monument to murder and idolatry.
  2. The first sinner cited in the Bible to have been saved in Jericho was Rahab, the harlot, and the last mentioned was Zacchaeus, the tax collector.
  3. Zacchaeus gave evidence of being forgiven by giving half of his goods to the poor and by restoring twofold everything he had taken by false accusation.
  4. The steward punished in the parable of the ten minas was punished for having stolen ten minas.
  5. In the parable of the ten minas, a steward would not be condemned if he had earned even one more mina of what his master had left with him.
  6. In Luke 19, Jesus entered Jerusalem in triumphal fashion, riding on the foal of a horse.
  7. Scripture speaks of two advents, or comings of Christ: the first is associated with His coming to earth as the Babe in a manger, the second is associated with His coming to earth as the King of Kings.
  8. If Christ were to return today, there will have been approximately 2000 years between the His First and Second Advents.
  9. Malachi foretells of Christ’ formal entry into Jerusalem to present Himself as king, a fact which takes place in Luke 19.
  10. Once Jesus is recognized by the world as the Christ, peace can come to the world.
  11. The Jewish leaders and Pharisees were upset over the fact that Jesus’ disciples were hailing Him as King.
  12. Jesus wept over Jerusalem, a city which would soon have Him crucified and, within a generation later, suffer the wrath of God for rejecting Him.
  13. In Luke 19, Jesus is recorded as cleansing the synagogue.


Multiple Choice

  1. From the notes which was true of Rahab and Zacchaeus in Scripture?  (A) Both were converted.  (B) Both were idolaters.  (C)  Both were tax collectors.
  2. Zacchaeus gave evidence of his being forgiven of sin by his  (A) giving half of his goods to the poor, (B) restoring fourfold anything he had gotten by false accusation, (C) both of these.
  3. In the parable of the ten minas, Jesus is represented by  (A) the king,   (B) the nobleman, (C) the servant who earned ten minas.
  4. In the parable of the ten minas, the steward who is punished  (A) had only earned one more mina,  (B) had only earned two more minas, (C) neither of these.
  5. Jesus’ riding on the foal of a donkey into Jerusalem in Luke 19 is foretold by  (A) Zechariah, (B) Isaiah, (C) John the Baptist
  6. How many advents (or comings of Christ, the Messiah) are referred to in Scripture?  (A).  one,    (B) two,   (C) three
  7. About how many years has it been since Christ’s Second Advent?  (A)  zero,  (B) 2000 (C) 1950
  8. How did the Pharisees respond, in Luke 19, when hearing the disciples’ herald Jesus as King? (A) with frustration, (B) with fear, (C) with indignation
  9. In Luke 19, who is said to weep over Jerusalem?   (A) the women of the city, (B) Jesus, (C) the prophets
  10. In Luke 19, what does Jesus do the second time in the temple?   (A)  He preached.  (B) He taught.  (C) He cleansed the temple by driving out those doing business there.

Matching Vocabulary

jubiliation, vindication, ostracized, dauntless, indignation

11.   the feeling and expression of great happiness

12.   fearless in the pursuit of an object

13.   extreme anger over an injustice

14.   to prove right or innocent of false accusation

15.   to be excluded from society or a social group

Luke 19 Lesson Plan